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名声英语作文

时间:2016-02-15 来源:爱作文网 

篇一:英语作文参考:名气之尾

名气之尾

作文参考:

1 艺术家追求成名,如同狗自逐其尾,一旦追到手,除了继续追逐不知还能做些什么。成功之残酷正在于它常常让那些追逐成功者自寻毁灭。

2 对一名正努力追求成功并刚刚崭露头角的艺术家,其亲朋常常会建议 “正经的饭碗不能丢!” 他们的担心不无道理。追求出人头地,最乐观地说也困难重重,许多人到最后即使不是穷困潦倒,也是几近精神崩溃。尽管如此,希望赢得追星族追捧和同行赞扬之类的不太纯洁的动机却在激励着他们向前。享受成功的无上光荣,这种诱惑不是能轻易抵挡的。

3 成名者之所以成名,大多是因为发挥了自己在歌唱、舞蹈、绘画或写作等方面的特长,并能形成自己的风格。为了能迅速走红,经纪人会极力吹捧他们的这种风格。他们青云直上的过程让人看不清楚。他们究竟是怎么成功的,大多数人也都说不上来。尽管如此,艺术家仍然不能闲下来。若表演者、画家或作家感到厌烦,他们的作品就难以继续保持以前的吸引力,也就难以保持公众的注意力。公众的热情消磨以后,就会去追捧下一个走红的人。有些艺术家为了不落伍,会对他们的写作、跳舞或唱歌的风格稍加变动,但这将冒极大的失宠的危险。公众对于他们藉以成名的艺术风格以外的任何形式都将不屑一顾。

4 知名作家的文风一眼就能看出来,如田纳西·威廉斯的戏剧、欧内斯特·海明威的情节安排、罗伯特·弗罗斯特或T.S.艾略特的诗歌等。同样,像莫奈、雷诺阿、达利这样的画家,希区柯克、费里尼、斯皮尔伯格、陈凯歌或张艺谋这样的电影制作人也是如此。他们鲜明独特的艺术风格标志着与别人不同的艺术形式上的重大变革,这让他们名利双收,但也让他们付出了代价,那就是失去了用其他风格或形式表现自我的自由。

5 名气这盏聚光灯可比热带丛林还要炙热。骗局很快会被揭穿,过多的关注带来的压力会让大多数人难以承受。它让你失去自我。你必须是公众认可的那个你,而不是真实的你或是可能的你。艺人,就像政客一样,必须常常说些违心或连自己都不完全相信的话来取悦听众。

.6 一滴名气之水有可能玷污人的心灵这一整口井,因此一个艺术家若能保持真我,会格外让人惊叹。你可能答不上来哪些人没有妥协,却仍然在这场名利的游戏中获胜。一个例子就是爱尔兰著名作家奥斯卡·王尔德,他在社交行为和性行为方面以我行我素而闻名于世。虽然他的行为遭到公众的反对,却依然故我,他也因此付出了惨痛的代价。在一次宴会上,他一位密友的母亲当着他的朋友和崇拜者的面,指责他在性方面影响了她的儿子。他听了她的话以后大为光火,起诉了这个年轻人的母亲,声称她毁了自己的 “好” 名声。但是,他真该请一个更好的律师。

7 奇怪的是,收获最大的恰恰是失败者。他们收获了自由!他们可以自由地表达,独辟蹊径,不落窠臼,不用担心失去崇拜者的支持。失败的艺术家寻求安慰时,可以想想许多伟大的艺术家都是过世多年以后才成名,或是他们没有出卖自己。他们也可以为自己的失败辩解:自己的才华实在过于高深,不是当代听众或观众所理解得了的。

8 那些失败了却仍不肯放弃的顽固派也许会乐于知道,某些名人曾经如何越挫越勇,直至成功。美国小说家托马斯·伍尔芙的第一本小说《向家乡看吧,

安琪儿》被拒39次后,才最终得以出版。贝多芬战胜了父亲认为他毫无音乐家潜质的偏见,成为世界上最伟大的音乐家。19世纪瑞士著名教育家裴斯泰洛齐原先干的工作没有一件成功,直到他想到去教小孩子,并研究出一种新型教育模式的基础理论。托马斯·爱迪生在四年级时被赶出了学校,因为老师觉得他似乎太迟钝。但不幸的是,对大多数人而言,失败是奋斗的结束,而不是开始。对那些孤注一掷的追名逐利之徒,我要说:祝你们好运。但是,遗憾的是,你会发现这不是你想得到的。狗自逐其尾所得到的只是一条尾巴而已。获得成功的人常常发现成功对他来说弊大于利。所以要为真实的你、为自己的所为感到高兴,而不是拼命去获得成功。做那些你为之感到骄傲的事情。可能在有生之年你默默无闻,但你可能创作了更好的艺术。

篇二:关于理想的英语作文

Young People Should Have Ideals

What are you going to do when you grow up? When I was a child, people often asked me this question about the ideal. Undoubtedly, every individual, especially a young person, should have an ideal. Hardly can we find any great people we know ideal when they were young.

An ideal is a vital importance to one's growth and success. On the one hand, an ideal is the target of one's life. Once you decide what your ideal is, you know where to go, and which way to take. Otherwise, you might become puzzled in many things in your life. On the other hand, an ideal(转载于:www.Zw2.cN 爱 作 文 网) is like the engine of vehicles. Only when we have our own ideals, can we find the origin of energy and enthusiasm in life, and become active and perseverant. Whatever your ideal is, careful plan and preparation is vital to its realization. Of course, the path from where you are to where you want to get is not always smooth and straight. Therefore, an optimistic, positive mind is indispensable in the process of your persevering your ideal.

In a word, only if you have an ideal, you will have the chance of realizing it.

年轻人应该有理想

你长大后打算做什么?当我还是个孩子的时候,人们经常问我关于理想的问题。毫无疑问,每个人,尤其是年轻人,都应该有一个理想。我们很难找到任何伟大的人,我们知道理想,当他们年轻。

一个理想是一个非常重要的增长和成功。一方面,一个理想是一个人的生活目标。一旦你决定你的理想是什么,你知道去哪里,哪路可以走。否则,你可能会在生活中的许多事情感到困惑。另一方面,一个理想就像是发动机的车辆。只有当我们有我们自己的理想,才能找到能量和热情在生命的起源,并成为积极主动。无论你的理想是什么,仔细的计划和准备是至关重要的,它的实现。当然,你要去的地方的路不总是平坦的。因此,一个乐观、积极的心态是你的坚持你的理想的过程中不可缺少的。

用一个词,只有你有一个理想,你就有机会实现它。

Nowadays there are still many behaviors against public morality, such as spiting or littering in public places, cutting in line, wasting water or electricity and so on.

One of the main reasons for these immoral behaviors is that some people lack personal manners and public consciousness. Actually these small things in many people's eyes have brought great bad effects on our community. Above all, these immoral behaviors disturb social order and disrupt socialsbility. Moreover, one's violating public morality not only evades others' benefits but also does harm to himself. For example, if most people buy pirated products, those original producers will suffer great damage and might lose the enthusiasm to continue their producing. Which in turn, influences consumers taking the profits into consideration, I think it is high time that we would take more effective measures to improve public morals.

First of all, education plays a very vital role. We must utilize education to make people know their behaviors influence on the society and follow public morals consciously. Besides the government should improve the administration system and ensure the efficient improvement of administration measures.

现在仍然有许多违背公共道德的行为,如在公共场所随地吐痰和乱扔垃圾、插队、浪费水、电等。

这些不道德行为的主要原因之一是,有些人缺乏个人行为和公众意识。其实这些小东西

在很多人的眼里都给我们的社会带来了很大的不良影响。最重要的是,这些不道德的行为扰乱社会秩序,破坏socialsbility。此外,一个违反公共道德不仅逃避别人的利益也会伤害到自己。例如,如果大多数人购买盗版产品,那些原始的生产商将会遭受巨大的损失,可能会失去继续生产的热情。这反过来又影响消费者的利益考虑,我认为这是一次高时间,我们将采取更有效的措施,以提高公众道德。

首先,教育起着非常重要的作用。我们必须充分利用教育,使人们认识到他们的行为对社会的影响,自觉遵循公共道德。此外,政府应完善行政管理制度,确保行政管理措施的有效性。

I have a dream

Everyone may have his own dream. Someone may want to be rich, someone may want to be beautiful, and someone may want to have power. But I’m different from them. My dream is special. I want to have a pair of wings. Because I want to fly in the sky,I like the feeling of freedom.

If I have a pair of wings,I’m sure it will be very wonderful. I can fly below the blue sky with the birds. I can enjoy the music of birds’. I can fly across the cloud and the small wind will blow past my face. The feeling must be the same as that my mother caresses me.

I can fly over the sea, below the rainbow, through the forest I can see all the wonderful view. But I know that it will never be uteri have another instead. I want to have a fly of my own. The plane must be very small and light. It has to carry only one person. It can fly by wind or sunshine. It can fly for a very long time. And the important thing is that it must be very save.

我有一个梦想

每个人都有自己的梦想。可能有人想要有钱,有人可能想要美丽,有人可能想要有权力。但我不同于他们。我的梦想是特别的。我想有一双翅膀。因为我想在天空中飞翔,我喜欢自由的感觉。

如果我有一双翅膀,我相信它会非常精彩。我可以在蓝天下飞翔。我可以享受鸟儿的音乐。我能飞过云朵,小风会吹过我的脸。感觉必须同我的母亲爱抚我。

我能飞越大海,在彩虹下面,穿过森林,我可以看到所有美好的景色。但我知道它永远不会被别的替代。我想有一个我自己的飞行。飞机必须是非常小的和轻。它只能携带一个人。它可以由风或阳光。它可以飞很长一段时间。而重要的是,它必须非常节省。

My Dream

Everyone has a lot of dreams. Some people want to be rich, dreaming of becoming millionaires overnight. Others want to be famous, dreaming of suddenly jumping to great fame. I have a lot of dreams,too. When I was a young girl, I dreamed of becoming a scientist like Hua Luogen in future.However, I knew very well that I could not succeed without painstaking efforts. So I studied hard in the middle school and college in order to attain my goal.After graduating from college, I found a job as a teacher.Although I was very busy with teaching, I never gave up my goal. I read a lot of books to get more knowledge. I made experiments to practise and apply what I had learnt from the books. Sometimes, I was so deeply indulged in my research that I forgot my meals and time. Now I have made great progress. Several of my research papers have been published. The methods proposed in my papers have been proven to be valuable for the solution of

some problems. I am very happy.The ladder of becoming a scientist is still far ahead, but I have climbed the first rung anyway.

I’m sure I can have this plane some day. And I can have fly to everywhere I want.

我的梦想

每个人都有很多梦想。有些人想发财,梦想成为百万富翁过夜。其他人想出名,梦想突然跳到伟大的名声。我有很多的梦想,太。当我还是个小女孩时,我梦想成为一名科学家像华Luogen在未来。但是,我非常清楚地知道,我不可能成功而艰苦的努力。为了达到我的目标,我在中学和大学里学习很努力,在大学毕业后,我找到了一份教书的工作,虽然我很忙,但我从来没有放弃过我的目标。我读了很多书来获得更多的知识。我做了实验来练习和运用我所学过的书。有时,我是如此的沉迷于我的研究,我忘记了我的饭菜和时间。现在我已经取得了很大的进步。我的几篇研究论文已经出版了。在我的论文中提出的方法已被证明是有价值的解决方案的一些问题。我很高兴,一个科学家的梯子还远,但我还是爬到了第一个梯级。

我肯定我有一天能有这架飞机。我可以飞到我想要的地方。

My Dream

Everyone has a lot of dreams. Some people want to be rich, dreaming of becoming millionaires overnight. Others want to be famous, dreaming of suddenly jumping to great fame. I have a lot of dreams,too. When I was a young girl, I dreamed of becoming a scientist like Hua Luogen in future.However, I knew very well that I could not succeed without painstaking efforts. So I studied hard in the middle school and college in order to attain my goal.After graduating from college, I found a job as a teacher.Although I was very busy with teaching, I never gave up my goal. I read a lot of books to get more knowledge. I made experiments to practise and apply what I had learnt from the books. Sometimes, I was so deeply indulged in my research that I forgot my meals and time. Now I have made great progress. Several of my research papers have been published. The methods proposed in my papers have been proven to be valuable for the solution of some problems. I am very happy.The ladder of becoming a scientist is still far ahead, but I have climbed the first rung anyway.

我的梦想

每个人都有很多梦想。有些人想发财,梦想成为百万富翁过夜。其他人想出名,梦想突然跳到伟大的名声。我有很多的梦想,太。当我还是个小女孩时,我梦想成为一名科学家像华Luogen在未来。但是,我非常清楚地知道,我不可能成功而艰苦的努力。为了达到我的目标,我在中学和大学里学习很努力,在大学毕业后,我找到了一份教书的工作,虽然我很忙,但我从来没有放弃过我的目标。我读了很多书来获得更多的知识。我做了实验来练习和运用我所学过的书。有时,我是如此的沉迷于我的研究,我忘记了我的饭菜和时间。现在我已经取得了很大的进步。我的几篇研究论文已经出版了。在我的论文中提出的方法已被证明是有价值的解决方案的一些问题。我很高兴,一个科学家的梯子还远,但我还是爬到了第一个梯级。

(翻译来自百度翻译。)

篇三:考研英语阅读例题:Your reputation precedes 名声在外

Your reputation precedes 名声在外[2010.09.30] The Economist

Confronted with a sink suddenly spurting water many homeowners have neither the knowledge nor the materials to make the repair themselves. In choosing a plumber they generally have to rely on some sort of signal of quality. A recommendation from a stranger helps; a recommendation from a sensible neighbour can help even more; prior, direct experience is best of all.

Government regulators can be said to be permanently in need of plumbers. Faced with a rapidly changing market and technological advances—of financial instruments, medical therapies, agricultural methods, software—the regulatory agencies have to make decisions quickly. It might then make sense that, as one would welcome a recommended plumber, regulators might be more willing to trust companies with stronger reputations.

Jerry Kim, an assistant professor of business at Columbia University, wanted to test the relationship between reputation and regulatory treatment at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). He looked at 884 New Drug Applications (NDAs) submitted to the FDA for approval between 1990 and 2004. A firm’s reputation, in this case, depended not on its market share or the use of its drugs, but its generation of knowledge and innovation. Mr Kim’s hypothesis was that a firm with a longer track record of contributing to drug development would have its NDAs approved faster than would a developer less well known to the FDA. The more patent citations a firm had, the greater its knowledge reputation.

The hypothesis proved correct: the higher the firm’s reputation, the more likely that its drugs would speed through the approval process. Other factors influenced FDA approval as well. Drugs targeted at “underserved” illnesses (those that lack good treatments) were approved more quickly, for example, while any drug submitted after a product recall, regardless of whether or not it was related to the recalled drug, was more likely to spend additional time under review. A firm’s political contributions, meanwhile, were a non-factor.

Mr Kim also found a curious side effect of the drug-approval process. The FDA has a special “priority” rating for those drugs believed to be significantly better than existing treatments. (New drugs, or those first to treat a disease, are more likely to be designated priority.) There was no statistically significant relationship, however, between a firm’s reputation and the likelihood of its application receiving priority status. This suggests that established firms are not more likely to turn out innovative or especially useful drugs than their lesser-known peers. In separate research, Mr Kim found that the approved drugs from high-status firms were more likely to prompt product recalls or warnings. In short, the established firms may be coasting.

Mr Kim draws two lessons from his findings. One is practical: new biotech firms may want to partner with veterans to get their products to market more quickly and establish a strong reputation. The second is to adopt a healthy scepticism about the ability of regulators to protect the public. “These people...really are dedicated to serving public interest and they’re trying their best,” says Mr Kim of his talks with FDA researchers. “The problem is, their best is not

always good enough.”

1 What is the similarity between homeowner’s choice of plumbers and the government regulators’ trust for companies?

A A recommendation from sensible people plays an important role.

B Previous experience plays a critical role.

C The government’s supervise is indispensible.

D The changing markets and technological advances are worth considering.

2 According to Jerry Kim’s study, a company’s reputation depends on A its market share B the popularity of its drugs

C its ability in research and development D the knowledge and power of its staff

3 Which of the following factors can NOT influence FDA approval?

A the number of patent citations a firm has

B the illness treated by the drug submitted by a firm

C the firm’s longer record of contributing to drug development

D the difference between a firm’s drug submitted and recalled

4 A special “priority” will be given toA drugs which are more effective than existing rivals

B new drugs which can cure patients at the first day of use

C drugs which are submitted by a long established firm

D innovative drugs which are developed by lesser-known companies

5 From the passage, we can infer that .

A FDA has strong prejudice against new and unknown drug firms

B the better a firm’s reputation is, the less likely its drugs are called in

C it is beneficial for new drug firms to cooperate with long established ones

D Most regulators in FDA have tried their best to serve the public

考研词汇

recommendation[?r?k?m?n?de??n] n.推荐,介绍(信),劝告,建议

[真题例句] At the same time, the American Law Institute—a group of judges, lawyers, and academics whose recommendations carry substantial weight—issued new guidelines for tort law stating that companies need not warn customers of obvious dangers or bombard them with a lengthy list of possible ones.[1999年阅读1]

[例句精译] 与此同时,美国法学会——该学会由一群举足轻重的法官、律师、学者所组成——签署了新的民事侵害法纲要,宣布公司不必警示顾客那些显而易见的危险,或者给顾客列出一份冗长的可能造成的危险的清单。

submit [s?b?m?t] v.①(to)使服从,屈服;②(to)呈送,提交

innovation[??n??ve??n]n.革新,改革

[真题例句] The point is that the players who score most are the ones who take the most shots at the goal - and so it goes with innovation in any field of activity.[1994年阅读5]

[例句精译] 问题在于得分最多者正是那些射门次数最多的球员,而任何领域的创新活动都是如此。

patent[?p?tnt] a.专利的,特许的;n.专利,专利品,专利权;v.批准专利,获得专利

[真题例句] A further stimulus to invention came from the “premium” system, which preceded our patent (a.) system and for years ran parallel with it.[1996年阅读4]

[例句精译] 推动发明的另一刺激因素来自“奖赏”制度,它产生于们的专利制度之前,且多年来与后者一同实施。

priority[pra???r?ti]n.①先,前;②优先,优先权

[真题例句] 57. In the view of Net purists, .[1999年阅读2]

[B] money making should be given priority (②) to on the Web

[例句精译] 57在网络纯粹主义者看来。

[B] 网上赚钱应当是第一重要的

dedicate[?d?d??ket] v.奉献,把?用在

[真题例句] After all, what is the one modern form of expression almost completely dedicated to depicting happiness? Advertising.[2006年阅读4]

[例句精译] 归根到底,几乎完全致力于描写快乐的那种现代表现方式是什么呢?广告。

背景常识介绍

对企业声誉的研究、管理、维护已经成为许多优秀企业的工作重点之一。企业声誉不再是看不见、摸不着、可有可无的“软”元素,而正在逐步演化成对企业市场表现、消费信任、竞争优势构筑、员工凝聚性、危机处理等都能产生多重影响力的“硬”力量。

参考译文

突然遭遇水槽漏水,许多房主因不懂相关知识或缺少工具而无法自己修理。要找一名水管工,他们一般只能依赖能说明品质的讯息。陌生的推荐有用,一个明智的邻居的推荐更有用;更重要的是,直接经验才是最好的。

可以说政府管理者永远需要水管工。在金融、医疗、农业、软件等领域,市场和科技都在发生着日新月异的变化和进步。面对这种状况,管理机构需要快速地做出决定。正像屋主会欢迎一个被推荐的水管工一样,管理者也有理由信任有很有声望的公司。

哥伦比亚大学的一名商业教授助理---杰里?金试图验证公司的名声和FDA(食品和药品管理局)监管之间的关系。他查看了从1990年至2004年之间呈交给FDA的884份新药申请。这次研究发现,一个公司的名声,不是取决于它的市场占有率或多少人在使用其生产的药品,而是它的研发力和创新力。金的假设是:比起管理局不熟悉的公司,一家公司对药物研发的贡献越多,它的新药申请获得通过的速度越快。一家公司拥有的专利越多,它的学术荣誉也就越高。

这个假说被证明是正确的:公司的名声越高,它制造的药品获批的速度就越快。其它因素也影响管理局的审批。针对疑难杂症(缺少有效治疗手段的疾病)的药物能够更快通过审批。例如,如果公司进行过药品召回,当该公司提交新药申请时,不管这种新药是否和被召回的药品有关,审查时间都可能会更长。同时,一家公司的政治贡献却对审批没有影响。

金也在药品审批过程中发现了一个令人好奇的现象。对于那些被认为比现有疗法更有效的药品,FDA会将它纳入“优先审批对象”。(新药,或针对某种疾病的首次面世的药品更有可能被纳入优先等级。)从统计学上来看,一家公司的名望和它的申请获得优先地位没有十分紧密的联系。这表明一家成立已久的公司并不一定比知名度小的企业同行更具有创新能力,或者说更能开发出有用的药品。在单独的研究中,金发现大型公司审批通过的药品更有可能导致产品召回或警告。总之,相同条件下,成立已久的公司更易成功。

金从他的发现中得到了两点启示。一点很实际:一家新成立的生物科技公司可能希望和老企业合作来使他们的产品能更快地推向市场,并以此建立很高的威望。另一点就是对管理者保护公众的能力要持一种合理的怀疑态度。 “管理者真的致力于服务公众利益,而且鞠躬尽瘁”,金在和FDA研究者的谈话中说道,“问题是,他们自认为的最好并不总是够好。”

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