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过去进行时的英语作文

时间:2016-03-04 来源:爱作文网 

篇一:过去进行时讲与练

过去进行时的讲与练

过去进行时表示过去某一时刻或者某段时间正在进行或发生的动作,常和表过去的时间状语连用,如: I was doing my homework at this time yesterday.昨天的这个时候我正在做作业。 They were waiting for you yesterday.他们昨天一直在等你。

过去进行时的构成:

肯定形式:主语+was/were+V-ing

否定形式:主语+was not (wasn't)/were not (weren't)+V-ing

疑问形式:Was/Were+主语+V-ing。

基本用法:

1.过去进行时表示过去某一段时间或某一时刻正在进行的动作。常与之连用的时间状语有,at that time/moment, (at) this time yesterday (last night/Sunday/week…), at+点钟+yesterday (last night / Sunday…),when sb. did sth等时间状语从句,如:

What were you doing at 7p.m. yesterday? 昨天晚上七点你在干什么?

I first met Mary three years ago. She was working at a radio shop at the time. 我第一次遇到玛丽是在三年前,当时她在一家无线电商店工作。

I was cooking when she knocked at the door. 她敲门时我正在做饭。

2. when后通常用表示暂短性动词,while后通常用表示持续性动词,因此它所引导的状语从句中,谓语动词常用进行时态,如:

When the car exploded I was walking past it.= While I was walking past the car it exploded.

3.when用作并列连词时,主句常用进行时态,从句则用一般过去时,表示主句动作发生的过程中,另一个意想不到的动作发生了。如:

I was walking in the street when someone called me. 我正在街上走时突然有人喊我。

4. when作并列连词,表示“(这时)突然”之意时,第一个并列分句用过去进行时,when引导的并列分句用一般过去时。如:

I was taking a walk when I met him. 我正在散步,突然遇见了他。

We were playing outside when it began to rain. 我们正在外边玩,这时下起雨来了

一般过去时与过去进行时的用法比较:

一般过去时表示“在过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态”,而过去进行时则表示“在过去某个特定时间正在进行的动作”。

如:Tom wrote a letter to his friend last night.

汤姆昨晚给他的朋友写了封信。(信写完了)

Tom was writing a letter to his friend last night.

汤姆昨晚一直在给他的朋友写信。(信不一定写完,只是强调了动作的延续性)。

过去进行时和一般过去时的差别:

一般过去时表示“在过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态”,而过去进行时则表示“在过去某个特定时间正在进行的动作”。

例如: I was reading an English novel last night. 昨晚我在看一本英文小说。(可能没看完) I read an English novel last night 我昨晚看了一本英文小说。(已经看完)

过去进行时练习 二、 用动词的适当形式填空。

1. While we __________ (wait) for the bus, a girl __________ (run) up to us.

2. I __________ (telephone) a friend when Bob __________ (come) in.

3. Jim __________ (jump) on the bus as it __________ (move) away.

4. We __________ (test) the new machine when the electricity __________ (go) off.

5. She __________ (not want) to stay in bed while the others ________________ (all, work) in the fields.

6. While mother ________ (put) Cathy to bed, the door bell ________ (ring).

7. As I __________ (walk) in the park, it __________ (begin) to rain.

8. Even when she ___________ (be) a child she ________________ (already, think) of becoming a ballerina (芭蕾舞演员).

9. It was quite late at night. George __________ (read) and Amy __________ (play) her needle when they __________ (hear) a knock at the door.

10. There __________ (be) a group round the fire when they __________ (reach) it. An old woman __________ (sit) on the ground near the kettle; two small children __________ (lie) near her; a donkey __________ (bend) his head over a tall girl.

1. I _____ (have) my breakfast at half past six yesterday morning.

2. Mary _____ (go) over her lessons from six to seven last night. John and peter ____(do) the same thing.

3. What _____ you ___ (do) at that time? We _____ (watch) TV.

4. Was your father at home yesterday evening? Yes ,he was. He _____ (listen) to the radio.

5. They _____(not make) a model ship when I saw him.

6. _____ they ____ (have) a meeting at 4 yesterday afternoon?

No, they _____. They _____ (clean) the classroom.

7. ______ it ______(rain) when you left school? Yes, it ____. (No, it ____)

8. What _____ your father _____ (do) when he was your age?

9. One day, Edison _____ (wait) for a train to arrive, and suddenly a little boy ran to the track(轨道) to play.

10. He asked me if I ______ (go) fishing that afternoon.

11. The three of them were in a hurry because their plane _____ (leave) in five minutes.

12. In a letter, john told us that he _____ (come) to china next month.

13. When the bell rang, jenny _____ (wait) in her seat.

14. She _____ (make) her dress the whole afternoon.

15. While my father ____ (look) through the evening paper, he suddenly ____ a cry.

16. When I ____ (come) in the room, he ____ (see) me, for he ____ (read) something

17. When we _____ (arrive) at the village, it _____ (get) dark and it _____ (rain) hard.

18. I _____ (know) you ____(wait) for me here.

19. One day a little monkey ____ (play) in a tall tree. A mother crocodile(鳄鱼) ____ (look) for food near the bank.

20. What ____ your father ____ (do) yesterday evening? He ____ (study) at the evening school.

21. Later his parents found that he _____ (sit) on some eggs.

22. When he knocked at the door, my aunt ____ (cook)

23. The students ______ (sing) and ____ (dance) happily on the playground at that time.

24. I ____ (write) a letter when the door bell rang.

25. We had no classed at that time. We ____ (plant) trees.

三、 选择题。

( )1. I ______ cooked a meal when you _____ me.

a. cooked, were ringing b. was cooking, rang

c. was cooking, were ringing d. cooked, rang

( )2. He said he _____ to draw a plane on the blackboard at that time.

a. tries b. tried c. was trying d. will try

( )3. While she ______ TV, she ______ a sound outside the room.

a. was watching, was hearing b. watched, was hearing

c. watched, heard d. was watching, heard

( )4. They _____ a football game from 7 to 9 last night.

a. were watching b. watch c. watched d. are watching

( )5. What book ____ you ______ when I ____ you at four yesterday afternoon?

a. did, read, was seeing b. did, read, saw

c. were, reading, saw d. were, reading, was seeing

( )6. It was Friday evening. Mr and Mrs. Green _____ ready to fly to England.

a. are getting b. get c. were getting d. got

( )7. Lei Feng _____ always _____ of others when he ______ in the army.

a. is, thinking, was b. was, thinking, is c. did, think, is d. was, thinking, was

( )8. A girl ______ my pen fall off the table when she _____ me.

a. saw, passed b. was seeing, passed c. was seeing, passed d. was seeing, was passing

( )9. We ____ for tom at ten last Sunday. He often kept us ______.

a. were waiting, waiting b. were waiting, wait c. waited, waiting d. waited, wait

( )10. He ____ his father on the farm the whole afternoon last Saturday.

a. helps b. would help c. was helping d. is helping

( )11. While mother _______ some washing, I _____ a kite for Kate.

a. did, made b. was doing, made c. was doing, was making d. did, was making

( )12. “_______ you angry then?” “they ______ too much noise.”

a. are, were making b. were, were making c. are, made d. were, made

( )13. He ____ some cooking at that time, so _____ me

a. did, heard b. did, didn’t hear c. was doing, heard d. was doing, didn’t hear

( )14. This time yesterday jack _____ his bike. He _____ TV

a. repaired, didn’t watch b. was repairing, watched

c. repaired, watched d. was repairing, wasn’t watching

( )15. His parents wanted to know how he _____ on with his new classmates.

a. was getting b. gets c. is getting d. will get

四、 翻译。

1. 昨天这个时候你们英语老师在做什么?她在和一些家长谈话吗?

2. 当我离开的时候他正在画一幅世界地图。

3. 当你看见他们的时候他们在干什么?他们在打扫教室。

4. 那时二班的学生没在操场上踢足球,他们在打篮球。

5. 一天,母亲下班回家的时候,约翰在写给一个朋友写信。

6. 上周五一下午,学生们在干什么?他们一直在往墙上贴海报。

7. 昨天这个时候,一些学生在植树,一些学生在给小树浇水。

8. 老师走进教室的时候,学术们正在谈论当天的新闻。

9. 老虎等猴子的时候,他听到一个声音。

10. 今天上午放学的时候在下雨吗?是的,天正下着大雨。

答案:

二、1. were waiting; ran 2. was telephoning; came 3. jumped; was moving

4. was testing; went 5. didn’t want; were all working 6. was putting; rang

三 选择题。bcdac, cdaac, cbdda

用动词的适当形式填空。

1. was having 2. was going,were doing 3. were doing,were watching 4. was listening

5. were not making 6. Were having were cleaning 7. was raining 8. did do(do) 9. was waiting 10. was going/would go 11. was leaving 12. is coming /will come 13 was waiting 14. was making 15. was looking ,heard 16. came ,didn’t see , was reading

17. arrived , was getting , was raining 18. didn’t know ,are waiting 19. was playing ,was looking 20. was doing , was studying 21. was sitting 22. was cooking 23. were singing dancing 24. was writing 25. were planting

四、翻译

1 What was you English teacher doing this time yesterday?Was she talking with some parents?

2. When I left, he was drawing a map of the world.

3. What were they doing when you saw them?They were cleaning the classroom.

4. At that time the Class Two students were not playing football in the playground. They were playing basketball.

5. One day John was writing to one of his friends when his mothers came back from work.

6. What were the students doing the whole afternoon last Friday?They were putting up the posters on the wall.

7.This time yesterday some students were planting trees and some were watering the trees.

8. When the teacher came into the classroom, the students were talking about that day’s news.

9. When the tiger was waiting for the monkey, he heard a sound.

10 Was it raining when school was over this morning?Yes, it was raining heavily.

篇二:初中英语练习题之一般过去时与过去进行时

.一般过去时与过去进行时练习

用所给的动词的适当形式填空。

⒈He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year.2.We________(have) a good time yesterday.

3.We often _______(go) to school by bus last year.4.I ________(live

过去进行时的英语作文

)in the village when I was a child.

5.Mike______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.6.Sam_____ (do) the housework yesterday.

7.______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?

8.______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the artroom yesterday?

No, I didn't. I_____(draw)some pictures there.9.. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday.

10.There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.11. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

12. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

13. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

14. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

15. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

II.选择填空

( ) 1. She watered the flowers ________. A tomorrow B sometimes C yesterday morning

( ) 2.What ____ Mike do last weekend ? A do B does C did

( ) 3. I ___ my room last Sunday. A cleaned B clean C am cleaning

( ) 4. I often help my mother _____ housework. A does B did C do

( ) 5. _____ you _____ TV last night . A Do, watch B Did, watch C Did, watched

( ) 6.---Did your father write an e-mail yesterday ?AYes, he did. B Yes, he does C No, he don’t

( ) 7.They _____ on a trip in February ,2007. A are going B going C went

( ) 8.We’re going to _____ mountains tomorrow . A climb B climbed C climbing

( ) 9. ____ he ____ football two days ago? A Does , play B Did , played C Did , play

( ) 10.----Good afternoon, Miss Lee. How does Mike feel?---He’s tired . He ____ a lot of work ______ .

A does , this morning B do , this morning C did , this morning

IV.根据句意,填上合适的单词。

1.-Where you go on your holiday? - I a park。

2.- did you do on your holiday? - I presents。

3.- did you go there?I I went plane.

1 ______ they______ (feed) the animals at 5:00 yesterday afternoon?

2 Mrs.Green _____ _____ (not wash) clothes at this time yesterday.

3 Grandpa ______ ______ (mend) his clock when I reached home.

4 As I _____ (walk) in the park, I saw some children playing games

1 What ______ from three to four yesterday afternoon?

A have you done B had you done C did you do D were you doing

2 – I call you yesterday evening, but there was no answer.

- Oh., I’m sorry I _____ dinner at my friend’s home.

A home B had C was having D have had

3 My mother _____ while my father _____TV.

A cooked; was watching B was cooking; was watching

C was cooked; watched D cooked; watched

4 When I got home, my son _____ the music.

A am listening to B listened to C was listening to D was listening

5 We heard a cry when we ______ TV last night.

A were watching B would watch C watch D watched

6 She asked him whether he _____ back for lunch.

A come B was coming C came D had come

7 Could you tell me when ______?

A she is coming B she was coming C will be come D is he coming

8 The teacher ______ when I came into the classroom.

A is drawing B draws C has drawn D was drawing

9 The pizza ______ by my mother. Would you like to have some?

A makes B was making C made D was made

10 Nobody noticed what she ______ at the moment.

A will do B was doing C has done D had done

11 Was it raining hard when you _____ this morning?

A left B leaves C was leaving D would leave

I -----( break ) a glass while I——( cook ) the dinner.

2. My brother __always___( lose ) his key when he___( be ) a little child.

3. “Bob has gone to New York, I hear.” “Oh, I wonder when he___( leave ).”

4. Shirley ___( write ) a book about China last year, but I don’t know whether she has finished it.

5. Oh, you have been here already. I___( think ) you___( not come ) until tomorrow.

6. Our teacher told us that Columbus __( discover ) America in 1492.

7. I saw Tom yesterday but I ___( not speak ) to him because he___( talk ) to a wounded girl.

8. As she____( read ) the newspaper,Granny ___( fall ) asleep.

9. The last time I ___( see ) Jane, she__( pick ) cotton in the field.

10. --- Tell me what you__( do ) at eight yesterday evening.

--- I___( watch )TV.

11. It__( rain ) when they left the station.

12. ---What were you doing when he came to see you?

--- I had just put on my overcoat and__( leave ) to visit a friend of mine.

13. Tom__( go ) into the house when no one__( look ).

14. Alice__( make )a dress when she __( cut ) her finger.

15. He said that he__( work ) all day on Sunday.

篇三:英语作文专题

英语作文专题

一、简单句

1主语+谓语

I sleep.

主语+谓语+宾语

I play basketball.

2主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语

I tell him a story.

3主语+谓语+宾语+宾补。

I make them happy.

4主语+系动词+表语

I am busy.

5含情态动词的句子

主语+情态动词+动词原形+其他

We should clean our classroom .

二、时态

1、一般现在时(1、表经常和习惯性的动作。2、表主语具备的能力及性格爱好等。标志词:often usually always sometimes never )

句式:主语(非三单)+动词原形+其他。

I often get up at 5:30.

主语(三单)+动词+s或es+其他。

My father often get up at 5.

2、一般过去时(表示过去发生的动作和存在的状态。标志词:yesterday last year just now two days ago )

句式:主语+动词的过去式+其他。

I got up at 6 yesterday.

3、一般将来时(将来发生的动作或存在的状态。标志词:tomorrow next year in two days)

句式:主语+will +动词原形+其他

I will get up at 4 tomorrow.

主语+be going to+动词原形+其他。

I am going to play football after school.

4、现在进行时(现在正在发生的动作或存在的状态。标志词:now ) 句式:主语+be +现在分词 +其他

I am reading English .

、5过去进行时(过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在发生的动作或存在的状态。标志词:from one to three yesterday at10 yesterday)

I was writing a letter when he came in.

6、现在完成时(1、过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。2、从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。标志词:just ever yet already for+一段时间 since+时间点)

句式:主语+have\has+过去分词+其他

篇四:初中英语过去进行时专项语法讲解

初中英语过去进行时专项语法讲解

(一)定义

过去进行时,是表示过去某个具体时刻正在进行的事情或动作。

(二)结构

was/were +doing (现在分词)

(三)用法

1、过去进行时表示过去某段时间内持续进行的动作或者事情。常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

昨天晚上七点到九点的时候们在看电视。

What was he researching all day last Sunday?

上周日他一整天都在研究什么?

My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself. 我哥哥骑自行车的时候从车上摔下来,受伤了。

It was raining when they left the station.

他们离开车站的时候天正在下雨。

When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining. 当我到达山顶的时候,阳光灿烂。

2. 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如:

What was she doing at nine o'clock yesterday?

昨天晚上九点她在做什么? (介词短语表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room.

当我看见他的时候他正在装饰房间。 (when从句表示时间点)

3. 在复合句中,如果主要动作和背景动作都是延续的或同时发生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如:

While he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper. 他边等车边看报。 (两个动作都是延续的)

He was cleaning his car while I was cooking.

他擦车时我在做饭。(两个动作同时进行)

4. 通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有:agree, be, believe, belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean, mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish等。例如:

误:I was knowing the answer.

正:I knew the answer. 我知道答案。

误:I wasn't understanding him.

正:I didn't understand him. 我不明白他的意思。

典型例题:

1) Mary ___ a dress when she cut her finger.

A. made B. is making C. was making D. makes

答案C. 割伤手指是已发生的事情,应用过去时。同时,when表时间的同时性,“玛丽在做衣服时”提供事情发生的背景,因此用过去进行时。

2) As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep.

A. read; was falling B. was reading; fell C. was reading; was falling D. read;fell

答案B.句中的as = when, while,意为"当??之时"。描述一件事发生的背景时,用过去进行;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。句意为 "在她看报纸时,奶奶睡着了。"句中的 fell (fall的过去时),是系动词,后跟形容词,如:fall sick。

(四)过去进行时和一般过去时的区别

1.一般过去时叙述旧事,过去进行时描述背景。

A、一般过去时

1)叙述过去状态、动作或事件

He went to Beijing the other day.(带具体时间)

2)表示过去的习惯

a) would ,used to与过去时

would 表间断性不规则的习惯,常带频率时间

used to 表一贯性有规律的习惯

They used to meet and would sometimes exchange one or two words. He smoked a lot two years ago. (过去行为)

b) Would 用于文中不用于句首,只表过去习惯。

Used to 表今昔对比的含义,叙述习惯动作可与would 换用。

When he was a boy , he would often go there . (叙述过去) She isn't what she used to be. (今昔对比)

c) 表示状态时一般只用used to

Tom used to be fat /There used to stand a tree there. (状态) d) was (were) used to +ving表示“合适于,适应于?..”

He used to work at night . (“习惯”表经常)

He was used to working at night. (习惯表适应)

3)表示过去的经历,平行动作,依此事件用一般过去时。

He sat there and listened to the radio.(依此发生)

4)表示客气委婉的语气,用于情态动词,助动词和want , wonder , hope 等

How did you like the film? / Could you help me?

B. 过去进行时

-表示在过去某阶段或某一时刻正在发生

What were you doing at 8:30 last night? (过去某时刻正在发生) -短暂性动词用过去进行时表示按计划、打算

During that time he was going with us.(表示打算)

-与always ,often ,usually 等连用表喜,讨厌等感情色彩。 He was always Changing his mind.

2、过去进行时与一般过去时的区别

A. 进行时表某一行为的“片断”一般时表示行为的“整体”和存在的状态。

I was reading the book at that time. (未读完,“读”的片段) I read the book yesterday. (已读完,表整个“读”)

B、一般持续时间状语多与进行时连用

It was raining all night.(优先用was raining ,rained 为持续动词,故也可使用)

He was writing a letter the whole of afternoon. (短暂动词与持续时间连用,表反复,连续发生,不可用一般过去时)

C、while 时间状语从句中用短暂动词时只能用进行时。

例:He broke a chair while he was jumping up and down.

D、While 所在主从句动作大致持续相等时主从句一般都用进行时,但若是持续动词可都用一般过去时,两个动作一长一短时短的用一般时,长的用进行时。

I was cooking the dinner while he was playing the piano.(平行)

I cooked the dinner while he played the piano.

I saw him while I was walking to the station.

3、英语中有四类动词一般不用进行时(不用现在进行时和过去进行时)

1)表心理状态、情感的动词,如

love ,hate ,like ,care ,respect ,please ,prefer ,know 等,若用进行时则词意改变。

I’m forgetting it . (=beginning to forget )

2)表存在、状态的动词,如appear ,exist ,lie ,remain ,stand ,seem等

3)表感觉的动词,如see ,hear ,feel ,smell ,sound ,taste等.

4)表一时性的动词,如

accept ,allow ,admit ,decide ,end ,refuse ,permit ,promise等。

5、例题

考题1 As she ____the newspaper ,Granny ____ asleep .(95)

A. read /was falling B .was reading /fell

C. Was reading /was falling D. read/fell

分析 时间从句的动作长,而“入睡”动作短,故前者用过去进行时,而较短动词用一般过去时,选B

考题2 Tom ___ into the house when no one ___ .

A. slipped/was looking B. Had slipped /looked

C. slipped/had looked D. was slipping /looked

分析 此题先要理解好when ,表“此时”,说明主句中slipped是较短行为,而look是较长行为的片断,即汤姆溜进房子,此时没瞧见,故选A为正确。

篇五:过去进行时

初中英语过去进行时讲解及练习

(一)定义

过去进行时,是表示过去某个具体时刻正在进行的事情或动作。

(二)结构

was/were +doing (现在分词)

(三)用法

1、过去进行时表示过去某段时间内持续进行的动作或者事情。

常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

(1)We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

(2)What was he researching all day last Sunday?

(3)My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.

(4)It was raining when they left the station.

(5)When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.

2. 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如:

What was she doing at nine o'clock yesterday? (介词短语表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room. (when从句表示时间点)

3. 在复合句中,如果主要动作和背景动作都是延续的或同时发生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如:

While he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper. (两个动作都是延续的) He was cleaning his car while I was cooking. (两个动作同时进行)

4、表示在过去即将发生的动作。如:

She asked him whether he was coming back for supper.

5、表示过去的反复性或习惯性的动作,常与副词always,constantly,continually,frequently等连用,常常带有说话人的某种感情色彩。如:

His mother was always working like that.他目前总是那样工作。

6. 通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有:agree, be, believe, belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean, mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish等。例如:

误:I was knowing the answer.

正:I knew the answer. 我知道答案。

误:I wasn't understanding him.

正:I didn't understand him. 我不明白他的意思。

典型例题:

1) Mary ___ a dress when she cut her finger.

A. made B. is making C. was making D. makes

2) As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep.

A. read; was falling B. was reading; fell C. was reading; was falling D. read;fell

(四)过去进行时和一般过去时的区别

1.一般过去时叙述旧事,过去进行时描述背景。

A、一般过去时

1)叙述过去状态、动作或事件

He went to Beijing the other day.(带具体时间)

2)表示过去的习惯

a) would ,used to与过去时

would 表间断性不规则的习惯,常带频率时间

used to 表一贯性有规律的习惯

They used to meet and would sometimes exchange one or two words.

He smoked a lot two years ago. (过去行为)

b) Would 用于文中不用于句首,只表过去习惯。

Used to 表今昔对比的含义,叙述习惯动作可与would 换用。

When he was a boy , he would often go there . (叙述过去)

She isn't what she used to be. (今昔对比)

c) 表示状态时一般只用used to

Tom used to be fat /There used to stand a tree there. (状态)

d) was (were) used to +ving表示“合适于,适应于?..”

He used to work at night . (“习惯”表经常)

He was used to working at night. (习惯表适应)

3)表示过去的经历,平行动作,依此事件用一般过去时。

He sat there and listened to the radio.(依此发生)

4)表示客气委婉的语气,用于情态动词,助动词和want , wonder , hope 等

How did you like the film? / Could you help me?

B. 过去进行时

-表示在过去某阶段或某一时刻正在发生

What were you doing at 8:30 last night? (过去某时刻正在发生)

-短暂性动词用过去进行时表示按计划、打算

During that time he was going with us.(表示打算)

-与always ,often ,usually 等连用表喜爱,讨厌等感情色彩。

He was always Changing his mind.

2、过去进行时与一般过去时的区别

(1)过去进行时与一般过去时,两者都表示过去发生的动作,但过去进行时表示在过去某一特定的时间点或时间段正在进行的动作,而一般过去时表示在过去时间完成的动作?例如: I was typing a letter last night. 昨晚我在打一封信?(可能没打完)

I typed some letters last night. 我昨晚打了一些信?(已经打完)

A. 过去进行时却表示动作在持续或未完成,而一般过时往往表示某一动作已经完成。

I was reading the book at that time. (未读完,“读”的片段)

I read the book yesterday. (已读完,表整个“读”)

B、一般过去时表示只做一次动作,而过去进行时却表示动作反复地进行。 She waved to me. 她朝我挥了挥手。

It was raining all night.(优先用was raining ,rained 为持续动词,故也可使用)

He was writing a letter the whole of afternoon. (短暂动词与持续时间连用,表反复,连 续发生,不可用一般过去时)

when 和while的用法区别

两者的区别如下:

①when是at or during the time that, 既指时间点,也可指一段时间;

while是during the time that,只指一段时间,因此when引导的时间状语从句中的动词可以是终止性动词,也可以是延续性动词,而while从句中的动词必须是延续性动词。

②when 说明从句的动作和主句的动作可以是同时,也可以是先后发生;while 则强调主句的动作在从句动作的发生的过程中或主从句两个动作同时发生。

③由when引导的时间状语从句,主句用过去进行时,从句应用一般过去时;如果从句和主句的动作同时发生,两句都用过去进行时的时候,多用while引导,如:

a. When the teacher came in, we were talking.

当此句改变主从句的位置时,则为:

While we were talking, the teacher came in.

b They were singing while we were dancing.

过去进行时练习题

1. I ______ cooked a meal when you _____ me.

a. cooked, were ringing b. was cooking, rang

c. was cooking, were ringing d. cooked, rang

2. He said he _____ to draw a plane on the blackboard at that time.

a. tries b. tried c. was trying d. will try

3. While she ______ TV, she ______ a sound outside the room.

a. was watching, was hearing b. watched, was hearing

c. watched, heard d. was watching, heard

4. They _____ a football game from 7 to 9 last night.

a. were watching b. watch c. watched d. are watching

5. What book ____ you ______ when I ____ you at four yesterday afternoon?

a. did, read, was seeing b. did, read, saw

c. were, reading, saw d. were, reading, was seeing

6. It was Friday evening. Mr and Mrs. Green _____ ready to fly to England.

a. are getting b. get c. were getting d. got

7. Lei Feng _____ always _____ of others when he ______ in the army.

a. is, thinking, was b. was, thinking, is c. did, think, is d. was, thinking, was

8. A girl ______ my pen fall off the table when she _____ me.

a. saw, passed b. was seeing, passed c. was seeing, passed d. was seeing, was passing

9. We ____ for tom at ten last Sunday. He often kept us ______.

a. were waiting, waiting b. were waiting, wait c. waited, waiting d. waited, wait

10. He ____ his father on the farm the whole afternoon last Saturday.

a. helps b. would help c. was helping d. is helping

11. While mother _______ some washing, I _____ a kite for Kate.

a. did, made b. was doing, made c. was doing, was making d. did, was making

12. “_______ you angry then?” “they ______ too much noise.”

a. are, were making b. were, were making c. are, made d. were, made

13. He ____ some cooking at that time, so _____ me

a. did, heard b. did, didn’t hear c. was doing, heard d. was doing, didn’t hear

14. This time yesterday jack _____ his bike. He _____ TV

a. repaired, didn’t watch b. was repairing, watched

c. repaired, watched d. was repairing, wasn’t watching

15. His parents wanted to know how he _____ on with his new classmates.

a. was getting b. gets c. is getting d. will get

二、 用动词的适当形式填空。

1. While we __________ (wait) for the bus, a girl __________ (run) up to us.

2. I __________ (telephone) a friend when Bob __________ (come) in.

3. Jim __________ (jump) on the bus as it __________ (move) away.

4. We __________ (test) the new machine when the electricity __________ (go) off.

5. She __________ (not want) to stay in bed while the others ________________ (all, work) in the fields.

6. While mother ________ (put) Cathy to bed, the door bell ________ (ring).

1. I _____ (have) my breakfast at half past six yesterday morning.

2. Mary _____ (go) over her lessons from six to seven last night. John and peter ____(do) the same thing.

3. What _____ you ___ (do) at that time? We _____ (watch) TV.

4. Was your father at home yesterday evening? Yes ,he was. He _____ (listen) to the radio.

5. They _____(not make) a model ship when I saw him.

6. _____ they ____ (have) a meeting at 4 yesterday afternoon? No, they _____. They _____ (clean) the classroom.

7. ______ it ______(rain) when you left school? Yes, it ____. (No, it ____)

8. What _____ your father _____ (do) when he was your age?

9. One day, Edison _____ (wait) for a train to arrive, and suddenly a little boy ran to the track(轨道) to play.

10. He asked me if I ______ (go) fishing that afternoon.

11. The three of them were in a hurry because their plane _____ (leave) in five minutes.

12. In a letter, john told us that he _____ (come) to china next month.

13. When the bell rang, jenny _____ (wait) in her seat.

14. She _____ (make) her dress the whole afternoon.

15. While my father ____ (look) through the evening paper, he suddenly ____ a cry.

16. When I ____ (come) in the room, he ____ (see) me, for he ____ (read) something

17. When we _____ (arrive) at the village, it _____ (get) dark and it _____ (rain) hard.

18. I _____ (know) you ____(wait) for me here.

19. One day a little monkey ____(play) in a tall tree. A mother crocodile(鳄鱼) ____ (look) for food near the bank.

20. What ____ your father ____ (do) yesterday evening? He ____ (study) at the evening school.

答案、

Bcdac,cdaac,cbdda

1. were waiting; ran 2. was telephoning; came 3. jumped; was moving 4. was testing; went 5. didn’t want; were all working 6. was putting; rang

1. was having 2. was going,were doing 3. were doing,were watching 4. was listening 5. were not making 6. Were having were cleaning 7. was raining 8. did do(do) 9. was waiting 10. was going/would go 11. was leaving 12. is coming /will come 13 was waiting 14. was making 15. was looking ,heard 16. came ,didn’t see , was reading 17. arrived , was getting , was raining 18. didn’t know ,are waiting 19. was playing ,was looking 20. was doing , was studying

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